Will the IRS put me in jail?

The IRS generally will not put you in jail. For tax debt related issues, you do not go to jail, but you do need to set up some sort of agreement with the IRS. The times that the IRS can put you in jail would be for tax evasion, tax fraud, or failing to file your tax returns. Therefore, it’s very important that you file your tax returns in a timely manner or, if you’re unable to file in April, that you file an extension.